- 0 (Registered)
Several changes are detected in maternal thyroid function during pregnancy and failure to adapt to these physiological changes results in thyroid dysfunction Thyroid disorders are among the common endocrine disorders in pregnant women. It is now well recognized that not only overt but also subclinical thyroid dysfunction also have uneventful effects on maternal and fetal outcome. Several studies reported decreased IQ in infants born to mothers with either overt hypothyroidism (OH), hypothyroxinemia, or thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPO Ab) positivity. Also, the decreased availability of maternal thyroid hormone may also impair neurological development of the fetus. However, the evidence is limited and conflicting to support the effect of the intervention on improving the health outcomes in pregnant women with hypothyroidism and with the euthyroid autoimmune disease in pregnancy.
After the completion of this course, you will be able to:
- Review the physiology of the thyroid gland
- Discuss fetal development and thyroid dysfunction
- Describe the role of the thyroid hormone in pregnancy
- Explain the clinical management of thyroid dysfunction during pregnancy
- Relate the nursing care plan and nursing responsibilities